Soil Particles and Textures

To identify the amounts of soil particles that make up the texture of soils, and how different minerals change the layer.

Materials & Resources

 Jar, soil(from different locations), water, permanent marker, spade or some type of digging items


The specific area from the SOL’s the students will be learning about is how earthquakes happen, how their strength is determined and the locations of these types of disasters.  This lesson plan may take more than one day.

Materials & Resources Computer Lab, Map showing Tectonic Plates, recent earthquakes information, plate movement directions, map, and table.  Popsicle sticks, glue, string, and clay.

Weathering and Erosion

Weathering and Erosion Lab

Continental Drift

Continental Drift Lab

Materials: Foam Disks for Ocean to use on the lab. Pre-cut out continents. Fill-in notes. Questions to turn in regarding the lab. Powerpoint. Textbooks for Crossword.

The Earths Water Content

To Become familiar with the amount of water on the earth and a comparison of the amount of water that is a usable resource.

Materials & Resources

Apple(s) and a knife

Rocks and The Rock Cycle

To understand the processes by which rocks are formed define the 3 major groups of rocks.

The Rock Cycle is the process by which all rocks are formed and how basic Earth materials are recycled through time.

To illustrate the rock cycle and the 3 main types of rocks with crayons.

To demonstrate knowledge of the vocabulary associated with the formation of rocks.

Rock Cycle

Students should be able to:

  1. Understand the processes by which rocks are formed define the three major groups of rocks
  2. Sedimentary rocks may be formed rock fragments
  3. Metamorphic rocks form when and rock is changed by the effects of heat and pressure
  4. Comprehend the main components of the rock cycle
  5. Demonstrate the rock cycle through the use of Play-Doh


Plate Tectonics

Students should be able to:

  • Use provided manipulative to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of plate movement found along tectonic boundaries
  • Model the geologic features corresponding to different plate boundary movement
  • Using appropriate hand gestures develop a memorable way to differentiate between the three types of plate boundaries. (–not limited to just hands…)

Phases of the Moon Lab

Understand: The moon revolves around Earth creating the moon phases (and eclipses). From earth, we see only one side. I

Students should be able to identify and name the phases of the moon.



The student will investigate and understand how to identify minerals based on physical and chemical properties.

Key concepts include hardness, color, streak, luster, cleavage and fracture.

Materials & Resources

set of mineral samples – to include at least quartz, talc, feldspar, gypsum, fluorite, calcite                             

streak plate, steel nail, penny, glass plate, a fingernailJ