Scientific Investigation

The students will demonstrate and understanding of scientific reasoning, logic, and the nature of science by planning and conducting an investigation

Materials Needed:
• Multiple sets of eight index cards, each card having one of the eight steps of the scientific process written on it, as follows: 1. Ask questions. 2. Conduct background research. 3. Collect observations. 4. Identify variables. 5. Formulate a hypothesis. 6. Design an experiment. 7. Analyze the data. 8. Draw conclusions. • Live earthworms, crickets, or pill bugs • Variety of items to be used to simulate environments, such as black construction paper, toilet paper tubes, wet paper towels, heat lamp, pine shavings, mulch • Copies of the two attached handouts

Properties of Water

The student will be able to understand the properties of water by comparing and contrasting adhesion and cohesion.

Experiment includes: water, pennies, beakers, straws, pipettes, paper towel


The student will investigate and understand that all living things are composed of cells. Key concepts include a) cell structure and organelles; b) similarities and differences between plant and animal cells; c) development of cell theory; and d) cell division.

Related SOL LS.3 The student will investigate and understand that living things show patterns of cellular organization. Key concepts include b) patterns of cellular organization and their relationship to life processes in living things.

Metals, Nonmetals and Metalloids

TSW classify samples as metals, nonmetals, or metalloids based on observations of physical properties

Materials Needed:
samples of iron, copper, aluminum, tin, iodine, boron, charcoal, wood, plastic, and glass 3 wires
Light bulb
Plastic bag
Safety goggles

Investigating states and forms of energy

Students will conduct an experiment in which they will calculate the kinetic energy and potential energy in a system.

Hydrologic Cycle

The student will investigate and understand how freshwater resources are influenced by geologic processes and the activities of humans. Key concepts include d) identification of sources of fresh water, including rivers, springs, and aquifers, with reference to the hydrologic cycle. The student will demonstrate an understanding of the nature of science and scientific reasoning and logic. Key concepts include c) observation and logic are essential for reaching a conclusion.

Materials Needed: Materials: Lamp, Water, Aluminum foil, Ice cubes, 2-liter plastic bottles, Scissors, sand, potting soil, tape, small plants (clover, grass seed, etc.)


Student will create a model of the water cycle within two 2 liter bottles

Investigating states and forms of energy

The student will investigate and understand forms of energy and how energy is transferred and transformed. Key concepts include a) potential and kinetic energy; and b) mechanical, chemical, electrical, thermal, radiant, and nuclear energy

Enzymes-Reactivity of Enzymes

The student will investigate and understand the chemical and biochemical principles essential for life. Key concepts include c) the nature of enzymes.

Cell Parts

Understanding and exploring cell structure and function